Characteristics of k ar dating
Potassium (K) is one of the most abundant elements in the Earth's crust (2.4% by mass).One out of every 10,000 Potassium atoms is radioactive Potassium-40 (K-40).method is based upon the decay of radioactive potassium-40 to radioactive argon-40 in minerals and rocks; potassium-40 also decays to calcium-40.
If one of these protons is hit by a beta particle, it can be converted into a neutron.
The potassium-argon (K-Ar) isotopic dating method is especially useful for determining the age of lavas.
Developed in the 1950s, it was important in developing the theory of plate tectonics and in calibrating the geologic time scale.
The calcium-potassium age method is seldom used, however, because of the great abundance of nonradiogenic calcium in minerals or rocks, which masks the presence of radiogenic calcium.
On the other hand, the abundance of argon in the is relatively small because of its escape to the atmosphere during processes associated with volcanism.